IOM in Humanitarian Operations and Clusters
In 2005, the Humanitarian Reform Process got underway with the Cluster Approach that includes nine thematic clusters/areas of work and cluster leads being agreed to by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Principles. IOM has played a substantial role in the Cluster Approach assisting in the start-up of many of the clusters and has played a role in developing the cluster strategies. IOM is the lead of the Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster for Natural Disasters in which it co-chairs with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). IOM also actively participates in the Logistics, Early Recovery, Health, Emergency Shelter and Protection Clusters.
At the field level, IOM has also taken active roles in the clusters both as partners and leads. IOM has taken a lead role in Pakistan (Emergency Shelter), Colombia (Early Recovery with the UN Development Programme), Timor-Leste (CCCM), Ethiopia (CCCM and Protection with the UN Children’s Fund) as well as playing active role in Uganda, Indonesia (Yogyakarta) and Mozambique.